The right way to potty train a dog should be the number one priority of puppy house training. Right after you bring a puppy to your home, you must focus on teaching your pet where to go for potty and where not. A daily routine, vigilance, soiled towels, patience and consistency are the watchwords of puppy potty training.
The objectives behind potty training your dog
The first thing is to introduce your puppy to a regular routine that would train him to eat, go for a walk and to use the potty at specific times during a day. Secondly it’s your task to define a particular potty area outside the house for your puppy to use. Remember to take them out frequently especially after eating and drinking.
I would suggest using a leash for the first few days when you are taking him out for selecting the right potty area. You must be consistent in your praise to communicate to your puppy that it’s time to use the bathroom. Give them treats and lots of love after they use the bathroom. Refrain from screaming or physically punishing your puppy if he accidentally poops indoors. This only teaches him to fear you and not potty outside.
Keep an eye on your puppy constantly to know when he makes signs for going outside. Release him in the outdoor potty area immediately. You can sprawl soiled towels in the potty area to teach your puppy to go there. Bring in the soiled towel and use it every time you take out your dog for a poop. He will follow its lead until the time he learns to detect the spot by its smell.
The four keys to potty training your puppy
There are four steps that I can think of when it comes to potty training your dog successfully:
Step 1: The first step is prevention. By prevention I mean never to allow your puppy to poop in the wrong place the very first time. You can accomplish this with proper supervision 24 hours round. Until your puppy is housetrained, do not leave him free to roam around. I advise keeping him on a leash so that he cannot get away and sneak behind the couch or go to the bathroom. When you are away from home you can prevent the dog from going to the bathroom by keeping him in a crate.
Step 2: The second step to potty training a dog is to encourage proper behavior. This part is rather easy. When you take the dog to the outdoor bathroom for elimination under your supervision and he behaves according to your commands, simply praise him, pat him and reward him with treats. Keep repeating the same command like “Go to the bathroom” over again to ensure he follows perfectly.
Step 3: The third step to potty train a dog is correcting the bad behavior. Even if you are supervising your dog by keeping him on the leash or in the crate, accidents do happen. When you catch him in a wrong behavior, tell him “NO” firmly and you take him outside releasing the leash, allowing him to go to the bathroom.
Step 4: The last point about potty training a dog is to maintain two separate rooms for food and bathroom purposes. Take your dog to the bathroom first thing in the morning and in the night directly after eating, also one hour after every meal, any time you take your dog out of the crate or any other time you feel like taking him to the bathroom.
Some extra tips that can help you potty train a dog
Now that we have already discussed both the basics and details of potty training puppies, I would like to share some more tips to give dog lovers some interesting information related to dog behavior.
Did you know Rottweilers and golden retrievers are among the smartest and most intelligent breeds of dogs, while the Beagle, baskethounds and bulldogs are among the lowest? Since these genetic factors are involved in how your dog responds to potty training, I recommend you to be very patient and consistent with your puppy, giving him several weeks to develop his personality and intelligence.
If your puppy is 6 months or younger, feed him thrice a day. For dogs 6 months to 2 years, meals are required two times a day. And when your dog is eating, you can tell for yourself when exactly he needs to go to the bathroom. Puppies under the age of 4-5 months have very small bladders with little capacity to hold anything for long. In this stage they need to go to the bathroom about 12 times a day, which comes to an average of every 2 hours.
Gift your puppy a crate large enough to accommodate him when he grows into a full-grown dog. When he is still a pup, compartmentalize the crate with a divider to prevent him from soiling the place he lives in. Keep shifting the divider to give the dog space enough to sleep as he keeps growing.
When looking for an outdoor potty area, you would do better to keep your search limited preferably in your own backyard. This way you will not upset your neighbors and also keep your young pup safe from infections easily transmitted from spots used by others dogs for peeing. Once you have located the spot, you can adopt easy tactics like marking out a square are filled with wood chips, a pee post or gravel that you dog can identify easily. You must understand that dogs have the tendency of sniffing out the spot they have peed in once and using that spot repeatedly, thanks to their acute sense of smell. For training your dog to use the potty spot you have selected, use a pheromone product in that area to attract your dog to use it every time it needs to eliminate.